According to a recent study published in prestigious Nature Communications, land surface processes typical for high-latitude regions are expected diminish almost completely by the end of 21st century. If realized, these changes will have profound effects of northern ecosystems and surface-atmosphere feedbacks.
There will be profound changes in the regions in the far north, regardless of climate change mitigation policies, the study suggests.
The decay of land surface process will have strong effects on high-latitude vegetation. Many of the rare species are met only in areas of intense frost activity or late-lying snow packs. The disappearance of such unique environments will reduce the biodiversity of the region.